By Ruchika Gupta. Local cults mixed with established beliefs, creating a rich melting pot of religious thought. An ambitious Persian-centric rewrite of world history is full of insight but let down by factual errors. They also created companies that pooled capital and shared the risks among investors, such as the East Indies Company and West Indies Company. As a new era emerges, the patterns of exchange are mirroring those that have criss-crossed Asia for millennia. The New Silk Roads brings this story up to date, addressing the present and future of a world that is changing dramatically. At first, the Germans had a lot of success in Russia. A new golden age of trade, arts and science began in the Muslim world. Therefore, we might think of the Silk Roads as an ongoing phenomenon instead of one singular historical event. The traditional view is that Western civilization descends from the Romans, who were in turn heir to the Greeks, who, in some accounts, were heirs to the Egyptians. They would buy expensive objects from these places as part of a tradition known as the Grand Tour. It was on the Silk Roads that East and West first encountered each other through trade and conquest, leading to the spread of ideas, cultures and religions. The rise of Eastern economies will have other effects on Westerners. 'The New Silk Roads: the present and future of the world' condenses its timeline from 2350 years of history of the previous work to the three years since 2015. The network of trade routes that connected ancient Mesopotamia has changed over time. Therefore, we can’t really say that the Crusades were purely religious conflicts because they led to Europeans obtaining more power and riches in the long run. In contrast, Europe was becoming an intellectual backwater as the Christian Church suppressed scientific study and inquiry. However, China has been investing in infrastructure projects in that region to increase trade there. This is where empires were won - and where they were lost. As a result of these conquests, the Silk Roads were now under Muslim control. What about now? I'll send you notes on entrepreneurship and summaries of the best books I'm reading. By: Raoul McLaughlin. Soon, the United States turned its attention to Iran and started dominating in the 1950s. I … Silk was a symbol of wealth, luxury and power. World-famous stores like Harrods and Hamleys are owned by people from Dubai, Russia or China. Airports are being built as well. In The New Silk Roads, … Peter Frankopan entstammt einer kroatischen Familie katholischer Konfession, die sich auf das historische Adelsgeschlecht Frankopan zurückführt. Sri Lanka also faced backlash after accepting Chinese financing for a port and handing over the rights to control it for 99 years. At a certain point, Western Europe gained control over Jerusalem and dominated it for hundreds of years. Westerners often have a negative view of the Middle East and Central Asia, seeing it as violent and despotic. If the intensity of American interest in some of those nations has lessened, other countries are paying attention—including, notably, China. A large number of slaves were brought to the Muslim world by Vikings. How is the East influencing international affairs today? Before leaving the place, Lhamo gave him a gift. Shortform has the world’s best summaries of 1000+ nonfiction books and articles. Chapter 1 - The Creation of the Silk Road: Dr. Frankopan opens his narrative with a strong description of the Persian Empire as the greatest of the succession of political entities in ancient (classical) times. The story is about the trek that the author took with Tsetan, a guide and his mate Daniel from Ravu to Mount Kailash to do ‘kora’ (Buddhist spiritual practice/ritual). Recently, the United States has found itself in a difficult position because of its good relations with two Middle Eastern countries that are at war. For millennia it was here that East and West encountered each other through trade and conquest, leading to the spread of ideas and cultures, the birth of the world's great religions, the appetites for foreign goods that drove economies and the growth of nations. Both the Obama and Bush administrations in America had paid lip service to this initiative. However, when Western powers decided to build oil pipelines through their land and take all of their oil for themselves, they became disrespected by them. New transport systems are being made, which will lead to more trade. In the Western world, people are turning to nationalism and distancing themselves from other Western countries. Peter Frankopan sets out to make the case for a nuanced view of Eurasioan history. The spread of Eastern products in Europe was a domino effect. As the world became more connected, people faced destruction. Portugal and Spain were the starting points for many voyages. With more tourists traveling by air than ever before, it’s predicted that there will be 7.8 billion passengers flying by 2036; most of them are middle-class Chinese travelers who want to spend their money outside their home country on places like Europe or North America rather than staying at home where they can find everything they need already (like food). The Persians had a network of roads that connected the Mediterranean to the heart of Asia. It weakened the wealthy and empowered the poor. When Russia expanded into central Asia in the late nineteenth century, they threatened Britain’s Indian possessions. These events and headlines in a way encapsulate the pattern of The New Silk Roads by Peter Frankopan. The Xian municipality commissioned a red sandstone sculpture of twice life-size camels in commemoration, but the site is now engulfed by a supermarket - so the camels have been relocated to a traffic island! The main Roads lead to the Heart of the World, to Beijing, to Rivalry and to the Future. Peter Frankopan is Professor of Global History at Oxford University and director of the Oxford Centre for Byzantine Research. Want to get the main points of The New Silk Roads in 20 minutes or less? Silk Road Class 11 | NCERT Solution Class 11 Chapter 8 Summary, Video explanation, Question Answer. For instance, Ukraine is being torn apart by the East and West. For example, Chinese buyers have purchased football clubs from Britain’s Birmingham area and Western real estate markets have seen a huge influx of Chinese capital. Tsetan said that there would be no problem if there was no snow. 4 out of 5 stars ; An arduous trek through Eurasia By Eternl Rayne on 12-27-19 The Roman Empire and the Silk Routes. But it found itself surrounded by allied enemies. By 1950, the call for nationalizing the Iranian oil industry was so loud that it couldn’t be ignored. The eastern fringes of the Roman Empire and later, the Byzantine Empire were contested zones. Likewise, the last few chapters focus on America-Iran-Iraq-Afghanistan geopolitics only. What's special about Shortform: Sound like what you've been looking for? Many wonder if China has simply created a new form of colonialism by exploiting poor countries. It was a risky move on the part of the Shah. In particular, China’s recent purchases of American companies have led to widespread criticism and calls for limits on such purchases. While some say that the Belt and Road Initiative is worth $1 trillion, others wonder if it will ever come close to reaching that amount. The slave trade had a big impact on Europe. The steppes were a wild place. This made them richer and richer because they could get goods from other places. It was carried by Yersinia pestis, which originated in China and Mongolia before spreading throughout Europe and Asia. As a result, those regions are becoming more influential than before. Columbus was the first to explore the Americas and set sail in 1492. The Silk Roads was called exhilarating, and plenty agreed. We will examine how these changes will affect people around the world and what it means for political leaders in those countries. Key Points of the Book. This is where empires were won - and where they were lost. He unveiled his vision for the future and said that it was a priority to build better relationships with neighbors by increasing trade and economic cooperation. The Mongols’ territorial conquest gave them control over trading routes. From there, they conquered other tribes and even captured the capital of China in 1211. Du Bois. When he became president, he imposed tariffs on Chinese imports in order to retaliate for their actions. Of these, the exchange of ideas is perhaps the most fascinating and lasting legacy. This was because he wanted access to resources in the southeast of Europe, which would help Germany win WWII. Your email address will not be published. Around 700 CE, the writing was on the wall for empires. What’s a Concierge MVP? There was good reason why the cultures, cities and peoples who lived along the Silk Roads developed and advanced : as they traded and exchanged ideas, they learnt and borrowed from each other, stimulating further advances in philosophy, the sciences, language and religion. It’s where many great kingdoms and empires were born. Subscribe to get summaries of the best books I'm reading. Europe seemed to be in a state of decline, but the plague actually led to conditions that allowed for Europe’s ascent. In an attempt to stop them, Standard Oil was granted a fifty-year monopoly on oil production in northern Persia, which is where the Knox D’Arcy Concession did not apply. He has said that China wants to create a new kind of international relations in which cooperation is emphasized over confrontation, friendship instead of alliances. As civilizations began to expand, so did trade. The United States made another mistake as well. Hitler also had a secret plan to invade the Soviet Union. Furthermore, we’ll look at some of America’s and Europe’s most influential brands and institutions, which might be challenged by this change. The trophy hunting doesn’t stop there. The Silk Roads: A New History of the World by Peter Frankopan My rating: 5 of 5 stars. While Western nations have been isolating themselves, the Eastern world has been working together. On the way Frankopan throws in some chapters about Columbus’s voyage to the New World, the Viking advance, the Crusades, the slave trade and 19th century European politics, which don’t really fit in with his main theme. Travellers along the route would buy and sell various items, including silk and spice from China. The Silk Roads: A New History of the World by Peter Frankopan My rating: 5 of 5 stars. Sign up for a 5-day free trial here. Until recently, trophy hunting was mostly done by wealthy Westerners. It pushed them northward and westward as far as the Eurasian steppes, which cover much of modern-day Russia’s southern regions. These European countries are receptive of Chinese friendship not only because they want future financial investments but also because they feel neglected by Western Europe for instance Macedonia’s leader Gjorge Ivanov felt that EU leaders were ignoring his country so he turned to Russia and China for help since those countries have stepped into the role that should’ve been filled by EU members. Early Christianity was able to spread quickly because of its ability to network. By ‘exciting’ I mean the way a novel should excite you. Frankopan argues that the Persian empire was the center point of the rise of humanity. 'The New Silk Roads: the present and future of the world' condenses its timeline from 2350 years of history of the previous work to the three years since 2015. It seemed like a military confrontation between those nations was inevitable. Muhammad’s message was accepted by the Arabs. The Big Takeaways: The trade of goods between East and West made the Silk Road. The Silk Road, however, wasn’t isolated in history; it’s been added on to and reiterated many times. In order to maintain good relations with Russia, the British needed a strategy. Well, to borrow a phrase from Bill Clinton’s campaign team during the 1992 presidential election, it’s the economy! As they suggest, the pulse of the world can be taken by watching the Silk Roads. The author describes his pilgrimage to Mount Kailash. However, the two leaders were caught off guard when Germany attacked sooner than expected. However, a new power united by strong religious beliefs was forming on the Arabian Peninsula. The Soviet Union would be deprived of grain, which meant they’d starve. In the 21st century, new types of commodities are being traded along ancient trade routes. As a new era emerges, the patterns of exchange are mirroring those that have criss-crossed Asia for millennia. It includes its neighbors as well as Africa, Europe and the Arctic region. The Italian city-states of Genoa, Pisa and Venice grew rich by trading with the Far East. Like this summary? The Big Takeaways: The trade of goods between East and West made the Silk Road. Along them flowed ideas, goods, disease, and death. The Silk Roads were no exotic series of connections, but networks that linked continents and oceans together. Particular teachings and goods traveled the silk road … The Silk Road was the main trading route between Europe and Asia, as well as Africa. The Silk Roads were no exotic series of connections but networks that linked continents and oceans together. This was where empires were won - and where they were lost. The religion spread partly because of Muhammad’s military victories; he won battles and convinced tribes to accept his faith. Even better, it helps you remember what you read, so you can make your life better. He lost out to Britain, which benefited more than he did. 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