The King of Rome (Latin: Rex Romae) was the chief magistrate of the Roman Kingdom. Proclaimed his three sons Christopher, Stephen and Constantine as co-emperors. For the sake of historical completeness, all Western Emperors after 455 are included in this list, even if they were not recognized by the Eastern Empire;[9] some of these technically illegitimate emperors are included in regnal lists, while others are not. Summary Index of King names [and variants] for boys. Actress Sigourney, born Susan Weaver, made this name famous, but couldn’t make it popular. The name has its origin in the French language. Little is known about him except that he was elected by the Senate, doubled the population of Rome, added Alban nobles to the Senate of Rome, and built the Curia Hostilia. [102] First name means: "God of the East Wind." Tullus Hostilius, whose existence is in some doubt, was a warrior king. He was a nocturnal counterpart of Jupiter. The first Emperor of Rome was Caesar Augustus. Elevated by his father, Constantine III, to rank of co-emperor in 409. Namesakes. Son of Constantine III. Tiberius(Φλάβιος Τιβέριος Αὔγουστος)FLAVIVS TIBERIVS AVGVSTVS, Martinus(Φλάβιος Μαρτίνος Αὔγουστος)FLAVIVS MARTINVS AVGVSTVS, Heraclius(Φλάβιος Ἡράκλειος Αὔγουστος)FLAVIVS HERACLIVS AVGVSTVS, Tiberius(Τιβέριος Αὔγουστος)TIBERIVS AVGVSTVS[75], In a monastery on Prote Island, Theophylact died in a monastery on Plate Island on January 15 849, 20 May 921 – August 931 (Christopher) In all there was said to have been seven kings of Rome covering a … While Romulus and the six succeeding rulers were called "kings" (Rex, in Latin), they did not inherit the title but were duly elected. By Category Chronological Alphabetic. By the medieval (or Byzantine) period, the very definition of the Senate became vague as well, adding to the complication.[8]. This is a list of Roman Gods and Goddesses that are in Roman mythology. Centuries before the decline and fall of the Roman Empire, when Julius Caesar ran Rome, he declined the title of rex 'king.' Holland, T. Abacus, 978-0349115634, Byzantine Empire under the Justinian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Heraclian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Isaurian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Nikephorian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Macedonian dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Komnenos dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Angelos dynasty, Byzantine Empire under the Palaiologos dynasty, "Justinian II - Byzantine Coinage - WildWinds.com", "Philippicus - Byzantine Coinage - WildWinds.com", "Anastasius II - Byzantine Coinage - WildWinds.com", "Theodosius III - Byzantine Coinage - WildWinds.com", "Imperial Elements in the Formula of the Roman Emperors during the First Two and a Half Centuries of the Empire", The Imperial Index: The Rulers of the Roman Empire From Augustus to Constantine XI Palaeologus, List of the Roman Emperors 27 BC – 395 AD, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Roman_emperors&oldid=992842198, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14 (aged 75), Stepson, former son-in-law and adopted son of Augustus, 16 November 42 BC – 16 March AD 37 (aged 77), Grandnephew and adoptive grandson of Tiberius, great-grandson of Augustus, Uncle of Caligula, grandnephew of Augustus, proclaimed emperor by the Praetorian Guard and accepted by the Senate, 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54 (aged 63), Grandnephew, stepson, son-in-law and adopted son of Claudius, great-great-grandson of Augustus, Revolted against Nero and seized power after his suicide, 24 December 3 BC – 15 January AD 69 (aged 72), Seized the purple in a coup against Galba, Seized power with support of Rhine legions, in opposition to Galba and Otho, 24 September 15 – 20 December 69 (aged 54), Seized power with the support of the eastern legions, 30 December 39 – 13 September 81 (aged 41), Brother of Titus and son of Vespasian, was accepted as emperor by the Praetorian Guard and the Senate, 24 October 51 – 18 September 96 (aged 44), Proclaimed emperor after the murder of Domitian. Otho. Adoptive brother and co-emperor of, Adopted son and heir of Antoninus Pius and son-in-law of Marcus Aurelius; Co-emperor with Marcus Aurelius until his death, 15 December 130 – 23 January 169 (aged 38), 31 August 161 – 31 December 192 (aged 31), Proclaimed emperor after the murder of Commodus, Won auction held by the Praetorian Guard for the position of emperor. He moved the Vestal Virgins to Rome, founded religious colleges and the Temple of Janus, and added January and February to the calendar to bring the number of days in a year to 360. Son of John V, co-emperor since 1373. [2] However, formally the Empire remained a single polity, with separate co-emperors in the separate courts. Rome was an Empire for over 500 years. 8. It means place of victory and honor. [ Read: Baby Names Inspired By Roman Mythology] 10. Roman numerals are often found on clocks and watches, as dates at the end of movies and as numerals after the names of kings and queens, for example King Henry VIII, for King Henry the Eighth. Not recognized by Honorius nor the Eastern Empire. This was the most popular of the praenomina. Roman cognomen meaning "prince, little king", a diminutive of Latin rex "king". Porcius. Usurped throne. DEA / G. DAGLI ORTI/ De Agostini Picture Library/ Getty Images. Michael's son Constantine was also raised to co-emperor in 1074. The Legend of Romulus and Remus is one such famous example. Roman names for girls have history but feel fresh. Recognized by the, Son-in-law of Marcian, appointed emperor by, June 474 – 28 August 475 (in Italy); – spring 480 (in Gaul and Dalmatia). 924–945 (Stephen & Constantine), 10 years (Christopher) Long before the founding of the Roman Republic or the later Roman Empire, the great city of Rome began as a small farming village. King of the Romans (Latin: Rex Romanorum; German: König der Römer) was a title used by the German king following his election by the princes from the time of Emperor Henry II (1014–1024) onward. 6. This was the start of the Roman Republic. As king, he gained ascendance over neighboring tribes and defeated the Sabines, Latins, and Etruscans in battle. Named co-emperor by his son Leo II on 9 February 474. TATIUS m Roman Mythology, Ancient Roman Roman family name of unknown meaning, possibly of Sabine origin. LIBITINA f Roman Mythology Meaning unknown. 2nd century. Each name is computer-generated and we encourage you to do further research on naming traditions and meanings for your exact region. While there is some uncertainty about his legacy, it is said that he undertook the construction of the great Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, started the construction of the Cloaca Maxima (a massive sewer system), and expanded the role of Etruscans in Roman governance. At the same time, however, a new government developed. This was the name of a Roman fertility god, often identified with Dionysus. One of the famous bearers of the name was Roman statesman Marcus Porcius Cato. John VII Palaiologos, who previously usurped the throne in 1390, was proclaimed co-emperor in 1403, keeping the title until his death in 1408. This was also the Western name for the country of Iran until 1935, when the king requested that the native name Iran be used instead. This lack of control over the city led neighboring tribes to siege the city and reduce its power. The eagle is his sacred animal and the thunderbolt is his identifying weapon. Cassia: Cassia has a Roman connection with the name Keziah. Check this segment and find out in detail about the famous ancient Roman emperors. 68–96: Year of the Four Emperors and Flavian dynasty, 193–235: Year of the Five Emperors and Severan dynasty, 284–364: Tetrarchy and Constantinian dynasty, Rubicon. Son of Constantine X Doukas and co-emperor since 1059, resigned the throne in 1078. According to legend, he and his twin brother, Remus, were raised by wolves. Andronikos died in the 1070s while Konstantios briefly succeeded Michael as senior emperor before being handed over to the usurper Nikephoros III and exiled. After moving to Rome, he became friendly with Ancus Marcius and was named as guardian to Marcius's sons. It was the name of the short-lived Roman emperor. He is credited with the foundation of most of the Roman religious rites and offices such as pontifices, flamens (sacred priests), vestal virgins, the building of the temple of Janus and the reorganization of the calendar into days. The style of government instituted by Augustus is called the Principate and continued until reforms by Diocletian. 8. Actress Sigourney, born Susan Weaver, made this name famous, but couldn’t make it popular. He actually had a lot of names including Octavius, but was called Augustus once he became emperor. Under Numa, Rome experienced 43 years of peaceful cultural and religious growth. In the period that followed, the Empire is usually treated by historians as the Byzantine Empire governed by the Byzantine emperors, although this designation is not used universally, and continues to be a subject of specialist debate today.[3]. PORTUS CALE (Settlement) Ancient Roman Means "port of CALE" in Latin. The Laskarid dynasty of the Empire of Nicaea is considered the legitimate continuation of the Roman Empire because they had the support of the (Orthodox) Patriarch of Constantinople and managed to re-take Constantinople. Augustus, First Roman Emperor: Power, Propaganda and the Politics of Survival by Matthew D. H. Clark Rome's first emperor, Augustus, the adopted son of Julius Caesar, has probably had the most lasting effect on history of all rulers of the classical world. Chosen by the army, acted as senior emperor during the regency of young emperors Basil II and Constantine VIII, 11 December 969 (age 56-57), Constantinople, Nephew of Nikephoros II Phokas, succeeded as senior emperor and regent for the young emperors Basil II and Constantine VIII, 10 January 976 (age 50-51), Constantinople, 15 December 1025 (age 67-68), Constantinople. He was Julius Caesar's adopted son. Roman praenomen, or given name, which was derived from Latin lux "light". Thus, Augustus, who is universally considered the first Roman emperor, was careful to always maintain the facade of republican rule, and did not take up any specific title to mark his rule, which began in 27 B.C. Lists of ancient kings are organized by region and peoples, and include kings recorded in ancient history (3000 BC – 500 AD) and in mythology Contents 1 Southern Europe Charles I – The English king who lost his head. The name has its origin in the French language. 15 November 1028 (age 68), Constantinople. also King of Bohemia, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor: Günther von Schwarzburg (Günther von Schwarzburg) Schwarzburg: 30 January 1349 — 24 May 1349 Rival king to Charles IV Wenceslaus (Wenzel von Böhmen) Luxembourg: 10 June 1376 — 20 August 1400 Son of Charles IV; king of Germany under his father 1376–1378; deposed 1400; 16. Adopted son and heir of Nerva. Appointed his son Matthew as co-emperor in 1353, 15 June 1383 (aged 90 or 91), deposed and in exile as a monk in the, Son of John V, co-emperor since 1352, deposed his father John V in 1376, Restored to the throne after overthrowing his son Andronikos IV, Rebellion, son and co-emperor of Andronikos IV, deposed his grandfather John V, Restored to the throne after overthrowing his grandson John VII. The Seven Kings of Rome It was under the Roman Kings that the Roman ability to create an empire of sorts first came to the fore, even though any original intentions will hardly have been of an imperial nature. The Roman gods had majestic personas and great powers. The tyrannical Tarquinius Superbus or Tarquin the Proud was the last Etruscan or any king of Rome. Palmyra. LENUȚA f Romanian Romanian diminutive of ELENA. He also established the Roman Circus Games. Replaced Constantine with his own son John II in 1087. Holy Roman Empresses/Queens of Germany. Silvius means ‘wood’. Roman praenomen, or given name, which was derived from Latin lux "light". Then came the legendary hero Aeneas, and from him descended the sons of Rhea Silva and Mars, the god of war. Lists of legitimate emperors are therefore partly influenced by the subjective views of those compiling them, and also partly by historical convention. Julius Caesar. This name is derived from the Roman clan name with a subtle and sweet meaning. ; Trajan.Under Trajan, the Roman Empire was at its largest size ever. List of Roman kings; List of Roman emperors; List of Byzantine emperors; Roman Emperors during the Fall of the Western Empire; List of Roman client rulers; Balkans. Abbas - Albert Abbas [6] , Abdullah [8] , Abednago [1] , Abimelech , Abner [13] , Abraham [22] , Absalom [7] , Adalric [5] , Adlai [6] , Adolph [13] , Adonia [5] , Adrian [27] , Aegeus [2] , Aeneas [11] , Aimery [6] , Ajax [1] , … Though Ancus Martius (or Marcius) was elected to his position, he was also a grandson of Numa Pompilius. This name is for your little daring king. With the elevation of Otto I of Germany in 962 to the Imperial title, the title 'Roman King/Emperor' became inalienably associated with the Kingdom of Germany — although a King of Germany might not bear the Imperial title, it would be impossible to become a Holy Roman Emperor, without being King of Germany first. Son and heir of Septimius Severus, ruled jointly with his brother, Son and heir of Septimius Severus, ruled jointly with his brother, Caracalla, Son of Macrinus, named emperor by his father after the eruption of a rebellion in favor of, Cousin and alleged illegitimate son of Caracalla, grandnephew of Septimius Severus, proclaimed emperor by the army, in opposition to Macrinus, 203 or 204 – 11 March 222 (aged around 18), Cousin and adopted heir of Elagabalus, grandnephew of Septimius Severus, proclaimed emperor by the troops, Proclaimed emperor by Germanic legions after the murder of Severus Alexander, Committed suicide upon hearing of the death of his son, Gordian II, Proclaimed emperor alongside father Gordian I, during revolt in Africa against Maximinus, Tortured and murdered by the Praetorian Guard, Proclaimed emperor jointly with Pupienus by the Senate after death of Gordian I and II, in opposition to Maximinus, Grandson of Gordian I, appointed as heir by Pupienus and Balbinus, upon whose deaths he succeeded as emperor, 20 January 225 – c. February 244 (aged 19), Son of Philip the Arab, named co-emperor in 247, Son and heir of Decius, accepted as emperor by, Probably died of the plague, possibly killed by Trebonianus Gallus, Proclaimed emperor by the army after Decius's death, Son of Trebonianus Gallus, appointed joint emperor, September 253 – c. September 268 (15 years), Brother of Claudius Gothicus, proclaimed emperor after his death, Committed suicide or killed at the behest of Aurelian, Supreme commander of the Roman cavalry, proclaimed emperor by Danube legions after Claudius's death, in opposition to Quintillus, 9 September 214 – c. October 275 (aged 61), Died of an illness or killed by his own troops, Likely half-brother of Tacitus, proclaimed emperor by the troops after Tacitus's death, Murdered by his own troops, in favour of Probus, Proclaimed emperor by eastern legions, in opposition to, 19 August 232 – c. 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